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Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union, Memphis-Jackson Joint Board records

 Collection
Identifier: L1992-11

  • Staff Only

Scope and Content of the Records

The records of the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU) Memphis-Jackson Joint Board (1946-1991, bulk 1960-1987) contain correspondence, grievances, financial records and audits, organizing materials, periodicals, newsletters, leaflets, photographs, membership lists, convention materials, constitutions, and by-laws.

The bulk of the records reflect the operations of the ACTWU Local 281, which served workers at the Bemis Cotton Mill in Bemis, Tennessee. The Memphis-Jackson Joint Board served as administrative support for a number of other locals in the same geographic area including Local 848 (Dallas, Texas; Hollander Home Fashions), Local 606 (Memphis, Tennessee; Bemis Bag Company), Local 1905 (Memphis, Tennessee; Munsingwear), Local 1919 (Houston, Texas; General Electric), Local 748 (Houston, Texas; Bemis Company), Local 1798 (DeQuincy, Louisiana; Alton Box Board Company), Local 281 (Bemis, Tennessee; Bemis Cotton Mill), and Local 948 (New Orleans, Louisiana; Columbian Rope Company).

Dates

  • 1946-1991
  • Majority of material found within 1960 - 1987

Creator

Restrictions on Access

Collection is open for research use. Access to materials with personal or sensitive information in boxes 15-21 is restricted for 75 years from the date of creation.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

Georgia State University is the owner of the physical collection and makes reproductions available for research, subject to the copyright law of the United States and item condition. Georgia State University may or may not own the rights to materials in the collection. It is the researcher's responsibility to verify copyright ownership and obtain permission from the copyright holder before publication, reproduction, or display of the materials beyond what is reasonable under copyright law. Researchers may quote selections from the collection under the fair use provision of copyright law.

Collection is stored offsite. Allow at least 2 working days for retrieval.

History of Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union, Memphis-Jackson Joint Board

The Textile Workers Union of America (TWUA) formed in 1939 in an attempt to organize Southern workers who up until then had failed to join the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (ACWA). They played a key role in the post-World War II Operation Dixie organizing campaign. While they had some successes, the failed national textile strike of 1934 discouraged Southern union participation and the South remained resistant to unionization. In 1976 the two unions merged to form the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU), which represented textile workers throughout the United States and Canada until 1995 when ACTWU merged with the International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) to form the Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees (UNITE).

The Memphis-Jackson Joint Board began as an administrative support unit for the smaller locals within its Southern region. The president of the Joint Board would replace each local's business agent and manage those responsibilities. In actuality the Joint Board served as an extension of ACTWU Local 281 (Bemis, Tennessee), which made up the vast majority of its membership and whose officers frequently served both the joint board and the local office at the same time. The Joint Board operated out of Memphis, Tennessee, until 1986 when the new Georgia-Tennessee-Alabama Joint Board began operating out of Knoxville, Tennessee.

The Memphis-Jackson Joint Board was led by Herbert Mercer until 1978, Percy Long from 1978-1982, and Verner Betts from 1982-1986, with the help of International Union Representative Jimmy Craven. The majority of the Joint Board's work revolved around assisting organizing efforts and grievance procedures as well as corresponding with the international union office. The Joint Board also helped to produce the Local 281 newsletter.

Extent

26.25 Linear Feet (in 21 boxes)

Language of Materials

English

Abstract:

The Memphis-Jackson Joint Board began as an administrative support unit for the smaller locals within its Southern region. The records contain correspondence, grievances, financial records and audits, organizing materials, periodicals, newsletters, leaflets, photographs, membership lists, convention materials, constitutions, and bylaws.

Arrangement

The records retain their orginial order.

Off-Site Storage

Collection is stored offsite. Allow at least 2 working days for retrieval.

Acquisition Information

Donated by ACTWU Southern Region Office, courtesy of Bruce Raynor, 1992.

Related Archival Materials

The Southern Labor Archives contains numerous collections created by various unions representing workers in the textile industry. These collections include union records from the International Ladies Garment Workers (ILGWU), Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers (ACTWU), United Textile Workers of America (UTWA), Textile Workers Union of America (TWUA), Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Workers (UNITE), and its successors UNITE HERE and Workers United.

Processing Information

Processed by Hal Hansen at the file level, November 2010. Original order and file names were maintained.

Title
Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union, Memphis-Jackson Joint Board:
Subtitle
A Guide to the Records at Georgia State University Library
Status
Completed
Author
Georgia State University Library
Date
November 2011
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections Repository

Contact:
100 Decatur St., S.E.
Atlanta, Georgia 30303
404-413-2880
404-413-2881 (Fax)