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Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union, Memphis-Jackson Joint Board records

 Collection
Identifier: L1992-11

Scope and Content of the Records

The records of the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU) Memphis-Jackson Joint Board contain correspondence, grievances, financial records and audits, organizing materials, periodicals, newsletters, leaflets, photographs, membership lists, convention materials, constitutions, and by-laws.

The bulk of the records reflect the operations of the ACTWU Local 281, which served workers at the Bemis Cotton Mill in Bemis, Tennessee. The Memphis-Jackson Joint Board served as administrative support for a number of other locals in the same geographic area including Local 848 (Dallas, Texas; Hollander Home Fashions), Local 606 (Memphis, Tennessee; Bemis Bag Company), Local 1905 (Memphis, Tennessee; Munsingwear), Local 1919 (Houston, Texas; General Electric), Local 748 (Houston, Texas; Bemis Company), Local 1798 (DeQuincy, Louisiana; Alton Box Board Company), Local 281 (Bemis, Tennessee; Bemis Cotton Mill), and Local 948 (New Orleans, Louisiana; Columbian Rope Company).

Dates

  • 1946-1991
  • Majority of material found within 1960 - 1987

Creator

Restrictions on Access

Access to boxes 15-21 are restricted. Consult Special Collections for further information on accessing this collection.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any publication, including on the Worldwide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult the reference archivist to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original. All requests subject to limitations noted in departmental policies on reproduction.
This collection is stored off-site. Contact archivist in advance to view these materials; 24-hour notice is required.

History of Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union, Memphis-Jackson Joint Board

The Textile Workers Union of America (TWUA) formed in 1939 in an attempt to organize Southern workers who up until then had failed to join the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (ACWA). They played a key role in the post-World War II Operation Dixie organizing campaign. While they had some successes, the failed national textile strike of 1934 discouraged Southern union participation and the South remained resistant to unionization. In 1976 the two unions merged to form the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union (ACTWU), which represented textile workers throughout the United States and Canada until 1995 when ACTWU merged with the International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) to form the Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees (UNITE).

The Memphis-Jackson Joint Board began as an administrative support unit for the smaller locals within its Southern region. The president of the Joint Board would replace each local's business agent and manage those responsibilities. In actuality the Joint Board served as an extension of ACTWU Local 281 (Bemis, Tennessee), which made up the vast majority of its membership and whose officers frequently served both the joint board and the local office at the same time. The Joint Board operated out of Memphis, Tennessee, until 1986 when the new Georgia-Tennessee-Alabama Joint Board began operating out of Knoxville, Tennessee.

The Memphis-Jackson Joint Board was led by Herbert Mercer until 1978, Percy Long from 1978-1982, and Verner Betts from 1982-1986, with the help of International Union Representative Jimmy Craven. The majority of the Joint Board's work revolved around assisting organizing efforts and grievance procedures as well as corresponding with the international union office. The Joint Board also helped to produce the Local 281 newsletter.

Extent

26.25 Linear Feet (in 21 boxes)

Language of Materials

English

Abstract:

The Memphis-Jackson Joint Board began as an administrative support unit for the smaller locals within its Southern region. The records contain correspondence, grievances, financial records and audits, organizing materials, periodicals, newsletters, leaflets, photographs, membership lists, convention materials, constitutions, and bylaws.

Off-Site Storage

This collection is stored off-site. Contact archivist in advance to view these materials; 24-hour notice is required.

Acquisition Information

Donated by ACTWU Southern Region Office, courtesy of Bruce Raynor, 1992.

Related Archival Materials

Related Materials in This Repository

  1. Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union contracts collection, 1977-1981 (L-contracts_ACTWU)
  2. Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union, Central North Carolina Joint Board records, 1939-1979 (L1980-16)
  3. Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union, Tennessee Joint Board records, circa 1940s-1970s (L1982-44)
  4. Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union, Memphis-Jackson Joint Board records, 1946-1991 (L1992-11)
  5. Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union, Georgia-Tennessee-Alabama Joint Board records, 1963-1993 (L1996-16)

Processing Information

Processed by Hal Hansen at the file, November 2010. Original order and file names were maintained.
Title
Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union, Memphis-Jackson Joint Board:
Subtitle
A Guide to the Records at Georgia State University Library
Status
Completed
Author
Georgia State University Library
Date
November 2011
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Revision Statements

  • November 2011: EAD created by Traci JoLeigh Drummond.

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections Repository

Contact:
100 Decatur St., S.E.
Atlanta, Georgia 30303
404-413-2880
404-413-2881 (Fax)