Southern Conference Educational Fund records
Scope and Content of the Records
The records of the Southern Conference Educational Fund (SCEF) span the period from 1958 to 1985. The documents in the collection are concentrated from 1970 to 1981. They include correspondence, notes and minutes from SCEF Board and Interim Committee meetings, financial and fundraising information, reports from SCEF chapters, information on various SCEF programs and activities, court documents, correspondence from the editor of the Southern Struggle, and detailed indexes from both the Southern Patriot and the Southern Struggle. The collection is arranged in three series: Meeting Minutes, Reports, and Financial Reports, 1958-1981; Christine A. Lutz Correspondence, 1978-1981; and Subject and Name Files, 1961-1985.
- Southern Conference Educational Fund (Organization)
Restrictions on Access
Collection is open for research use.
Terms Governing Use and Reproduction
Georgia State University is the owner of the physical collection and makes reproductions available for research, subject to the copyright law of the United States and item condition. Georgia State University may or may not own the rights to materials in the collection. It is the researcher's responsibility to verify copyright ownership and obtain permission from the copyright holder before publication, reproduction, or display of the materials beyond what is reasonable under copyright law. Researchers may quote selections from the collection under the fair use provision of copyright law.
History of the Southern Conference Educational Fund
The Southern Conference Educational Fund (SCEF) was established in 1946 as the educational arm of the Southern Conference for Human Welfare (SCHW). SCEF became a completely separate organization the following year and based most of its activities out of its New Orleans, Louisiana, office. James Anderson Dombrowski directed the group and edited its monthly newspaper, the Southern Patriot. Dombrowski and Aubrey Williams became the most visible figures in SCEF during the 1950s, and they helped establish the organization as a leading proponent of integration and civil rights in the South.
Veteran journalists and civil rights activists Anne and Carl Braden directed SCEF from the mid 1960s into the 1970s. They forged close ties with regional and local southern civil rights groups, kept civil rights issues in the national media and strengthened SCEF fundraising activities. SCEF worked closely with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) from the early 1960s on. Anti-communists in Congress and state government frequently attacked SCEF as a communist front. In 1963, police raided the New Orleans offices and arrested several officials for violating Louisiana's anti-communist laws. The United States Supreme Court overturned the laws in 1965, after SCEF challenged the arrests in court.
The Bradens moved SCEF's offices from New Orleans to Louisville, Kentucky, in 1966. The organization continued to work toward the goal of a southern interracial future. In July of 1973, a group of Black Panthers kidnapped, at gunpoint, two SCEF officials, Helen Greever and Earl Scott. The two eventually escaped, but the incident caused deep divisions within SCEF that were evidenced over the following few months. At a SCEF board meeting in Birmingham, Alabama, in October of 1973, board member Walter Collins denounced several Communist Party members, including Greever, arguing that they had placed the policies of the party over the best interests of SCEF. Collins argued that the Communists had caused the disputes with the Panthers. He and other board members voted to oust the Communists over the opposition of the Bradens.
Eventually, SCEF moved to Atlanta, Georgia where internal disputes and financial problems plagued the organization. The Southern Patriot changed its name to the Southern Struggle. Several local chapters, in Florida, West Virginia, and North Carolina, remained particularly active. By 1981, however, financial problems caused the group to consider moving to Dallas, merging with other organizations, or disbanding altogether.
2.5 Linear Feet (in 6 boxes)
Language of Materials
Established in 1946 as the educational arm of the Southern Conference for Human Welfare, the Southern Conference Educational Fund (SCEF) became a separate organization in 1947. Originally based in New Orleans, Louisiana, its office later moved to Louisville, Kentucky, then to Atlanta, Georgia. SCEF was a leading proponent of integration and civil rights in the South, but internal disputes and financial problems led to its demise in the 1980s. The records of the Southern Conference Educational Fund span 1958-1985 (bulk 1970-1981). They include correspondence, notes and minutes from SCEF Board and Interim Committee meetings, financial and fundraising information, reports from SCEF chapters, information on various SCEF programs and activities, court documents, and correspondence and indexes related the SCEF newspaper.
The records are arranged into four series:
- Series I: Meeting Minutes, Reports, and Financial Reports, 1958-1981
- Series II: Christine A. Lutz Correspondence, 1978-1981
- Series III: Subject and Name Files, 1961-1985
- Series IV: Photographs, 1940-1985
Donated by Christine A. Lutz, 1991.
During processing, materials were separated to other Southern Labor Archives Collections. For periodicals, see the Southern Labor Archives Periodicals Collection finding aid or catalog. For oversized materials and monographs, consult Special Collections for access.
Separated to the Southern Labor Archives Oversize Collection
- 1 [incomplete] chart re AFL-CIO southern leadership
- 1 poster, 17" × 23", reverse of The Student Mobilizer, Volume 3, Number 5, May 9, 1970
- 1 poster, 10 ½" × 9 ½", black and white, hand-lettered, quote from "a Vietnamese woman"
- 1 poster, 14" × 22", blue, black and white, "Who Decides --You or Them? -- NARAL -- National Abortion Rights Action League
- 1 printed chart, 17" × 22", "Black Population as Percent of Total Population -- Counties of Eleven Southern States: 1970"
Separated to Southern Labor Archives Periodicals Collection
- Southern Patriot, 1942-1981
- Action Report 2. Washington: The National Council on Hunger and Malnutrition in the United States, [August 1970]
- Criminal Justice News. Raleigh: United Church of Christ, Commission for Racial Justice -- North Carolina/Virginia [June 1973]
- Freedom Democratic Party News 1. Mississippi: Hinds County Free Democratic Party. [November 1967]
- Liberated Guardian, New York: Guardian Workers Collective, April 20, 1970; June 28, 1970
- Movement 5. San Francisco: The Movement Press. [April 1969]
- The Peoples Justice 8. Los Angeles: National Lawyers Guild, Southern California Chapter. [June-July 1976]
- SDS New Left Notes, Chicago 1. Students for a Democratic Society, April 4 1969
- Seneca Possibly published in Louisville, [April??]
- Shakedown, New Jersey: Fort Dix, June 6, 1969, July 4, 1969
- Struggle!, Boston, January 1, 1975, March 1, 1975
Separated to Southern Labor Archives Book Collection
- Class Struggle - Journal of Communist Thought, 1975-1979 (5 issues)
- Central Committee Plenum, March 31-April 4, 1930. Thesis and Resolutions for the Seventh National Convention of the Communist Party of U.S.A. Arlington, Virginia: Historical Documentation Committee -- Asia Books and Periodicals, 1976
- Congress of the Communist International . Principles of Party Organization -- Thesis on the Organization and Structure of the Communist Parties, adopted at the third Congress of the Communist International in 1921. Calcutta: Mass Publications, 1975
- Lenin, V. I. Articles and Speeches on Anniversaries of the October Revolution. Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1957
- Lenin, V. I. A Retrograde Trend in Russian Social -- Democracy. New York: Resistencia Puertorriquena, 1976
- Lenin, V. I. Revolutionary Adventurism -- A Collection of Articles. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1969
- Lenin, V. I. Tolstoy and His Time -- Essays by V. I. Lenin ["Little Lenin Library Volume 32"]. New York: International Publishers Co., Inc., 1952
- Lenin, V. I. Where to Begin: Atlanta: "friends of "The Call," ?
- Lenin, V. I. Will the Bolsheviks Retain State Power? ["Little Lenin Library Volume 12"]. New York: International Publishers Co., Inc., 1932
- Mao Tsetung. Five Articles by Chairman Mao Tsetung. Peking: Foreign Languages Press, 1972
- Mao Tse-Tung. On New Democracy. Peking: Foreign Languages Press, 1967
- Mao Tse-Tung. On Practice -- On the Relation Between Knowledge and Practice, Between Knowing and Doing. Peking: Foreign Languages Press, 1966
- Mao Tse-Tung. Talks at the Yenan Forum on Literature and Art. Peking: Foreign Languages Press, 1967
- Mao Tse-Tung. The United Front in Cultural Work. Peking: Foreign Languages Press, 1968
- Stalin, J. V. The Foundations of Leninism - Lectures Delivered at the Sverdlov University Peking: Foreign Languages
- Braden, Anne. The Wall Between. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1958.
- Klibaner, Irwin. "The Travail of Southern Radicals: The Southern Conference Educational Fund, 1946-1976." The Journal of Southern History 49 (May 1983).
- _____. Conscience of a Troubled South: The Southern Conference Educational Fund, 1946, 1966. New York: Carlson Publishing Inc., 1989.
- Reed, Linda. Simple Decency and Common Sense: The Southern Conference Movement, 1938-1963. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991.
Inventoried by Brett Bender, Robert Dinwiddie, Anne Tilden, and Robert Woodrum, November 1997; Anne Tilden and Stephen Wishart, July 1998. All processing at the file level. Multiple finding aids were combined into a single collection guide.
- Southern Conference Educational Fund:
- A Guide to Its Records at Georgia State University Library
- Georgia State University Library
- 1997, 1998
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description