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Maryland Nurses Association records

 Collection
Identifier: L1979-33

Scope and Content of the Records

The records of the Maryland Nurses Association document its creation in 1903; its organizational structure and everyday activities; its annual conventions; and its commitment to the establishment of nursing professional standards. The multiple accessions of the records make it difficult to ascertain their place or person of origin. The records primarily consist of annual meeting proceedings, board of director minutes, committee information, and collective bargaining activities.

The nearly complete runs of the annual meeting proceedings and Board of Director minutes provide succinct depictions of the most important issues facing the association over the course of its history.

The collective bargaining activities of the Maryland Nurses Association are documented in Series V: Economic and General Welfare Program and mainly consist of the records of professional chapters at various medical facilities. According to the bylaws of the staff chapter of Prince George's General Hospital and Medical Center, the professional chapters served to "implement ANA standards of nursing and stimulate and promote the Professional development of nurses and advance their economic and general welfare through effective and aggressive collective bargaining." Although the records focus on only eleven medical facilities and corporations, the information provided is comprehensive.

The records included limited documents from the district organizations and the executive director and office files, and contain incomplete runs of the organizational bylaws.

Dates

  • 1882-1989

Creator

Restrictions on Access

Unrestricted access.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any publication, including on the Worldwide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult the reference archivist to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original. All requests subject to limitations noted in departmental policies on reproduction.

History of the Maryland Nurses Association

On December 14, 1903, over 400 nurses gathered in Baltimore to organize the Maryland State Association of Graduate Nurses. At that first meeting, the Maryland State Association of Graduate Nurses established its priorities as creating a state registration program, fostering relationships among Maryland nurses, promoting nursing standards, and later, serving as the primary collective bargaining agent for nurses.

The organization changed its name to the Maryland State Nurses' Association and joined the newly formed Middle Atlantic Division of the American Nurses' Association in 1921. It took the name Maryland Nurses Association, Inc. in 1959. From its creation, it has been a constituent member of the American Nurses' Association and adheres to ANA bylaws and the ANA Code for Nurses.

In 1909, the association created the Central Directory of Registered Nurses as a profit-sharing corporation. The Central Directory of Registered Nurses provided preapproved registered nurses and licensed practical nurses for private duty and to hospitals and to other healthcare institutions when requested. It became a non-profit agency owned and operated by the association in the late 1940s.

The Maryland Nurses Association has used an evolving organizational structure consisting of constituent associations, or district nurses' association (DNA); the offices of presidents, vice-presidents, secretary, and treasurer that form an Executive Committee; a Board of Directors composed of elected members; appointed committees and cabinets; councils of elected and appointed members; divisions composed of elected members; task forces and commissions composed of volunteer or elected members who advise the Board of Directors on a particular issue; professional chapters and cabinets that carry out collective bargaining at places of employment; sections for specific groups of professional nurses; and special interest groups.

The Maryland Nurses Association quickly established itself as an advocate for professional standards in nursing education, training, and legislation with the passage of the Nurses Bill and the appointment of a State Board of Examiners in 1904. The association's commitment to nursing legislation and advocacy for nurses' rights was further solidified with the formation of the Committee on Economic and General Welfare in 1958. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, the MNA filed a collective bargaining petition with the Labor Commission, obtained a registered lobbyist, and hired a labor lawyer to work with the Economic and General Welfare Program and local units. The General and Economic Welfare Program of the MNA operated through the use of professional chapters that were responsible to the Council on Professional Employment Activities.

For further historical information on the MNA, see Twenty-fifth Anniversary of the Maryland State Nurses Association: An Historical Sketch, 1903-1928, by Helen C. Bartlett and Highlights of Nursing in Maryland, 1903-1976, by Alice Sundberg, et al. in the Historical Materials series.

Extent

22.5 Linear Feet (in 50 boxes)

Language of Materials

English

Overview

The Maryland State Association of Graduate Nurses established its priorities as creating a state registration program, fostering relationships among Maryland nurses, promoting nursing standards, and later, serving as the primary collective bargaining agent for nurses. The records of the Maryland Nurses Association document its creation in 1903; its organizational structure and everyday activities; its annual conventions; and its commitment to the establishment of nursing professional standards.

Acquisition Information

Donated by Maryland Nurses Association, 1977-1989 (accessions L1977-16, L1979-33, L1985-31, L1988-32, and L1989-10).

Separated Materials

During processing, an oversized poster, a ledger, and pamphlets were separated to the Southern Labor Archives Oversize Collection and the Southern Labor Archives Pamphlet Collection finding aid (note that this collection has been weeded over time).

Separated to the Southern Labor Archives Oversize Collection

  1. Corporation income and profits tax forms: Federal (Central Directory), 1918-1949
  2. Poster depicting superintendents of Maryland Nursing Schools, 1929
  3. Hospital Service ledger, 1939-1950
  4. Dues deduction; ANA payments; membership, 1975-1977
  5. ANA qualifications for private duty nursing, undated

Separated to Southern Labor Archives Pamphlet Collection

  1. "Condensed report of special study of phases of Registry activity," conducted by American Nurses' Association Headquarters, 1936
  2. "Study of organization, control, policies and financing of nurses' professional registries," conducted by American Nurses' Association, 1942

Processing Information

Processed by Alice Gernazian, August 1978; Robert Dinwiddie, September 1985; Matt Meldrum, April 1987 all at the file level.
Title
Maryland Nurses Association:
Subtitle
A Guide to Its Records at Georgia State University Library
Status
Completed
Author
Georgia State University Library
Date
July 2005
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Revision Statements

  • July 2005: Additions processed and EAD finding aid created by Trish Raque Bogdan.
  • December 2005: EAD edited by Amanda Brown.
  • October 2012: EAD edited by Hal Hansen

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections Repository

Contact:
100 Decatur St., S.E.
Atlanta, Georgia 30303
404-413-2880
404-413-2881 (Fax)